Farmland Tenure Online Resources Guide
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Vermont

Financing

How to Determine the Right Farm Rental Rate
Created By: UVM Center for Sustainable Agriculture
Description: This resource is intended to guide owners and tenants through the process of determining a fair cash rental rate for farmland, equipment, and infrastructure in Vermont. The guide consists of five chapters and includes: Assessing Market Rental Rates, Assessing Landowner’s Costs of Owning Land, How To Value Equipment and Infrastructure in a Lease, How To Factor in the Farm Business’ Net Returns and How to Assess the Farmer’s Contributions to the Lease Arrangement.
Land Access and Tenure Toolshed
Created By: Vermont New Farmer Project
Description: This page of the New Farmer Project website contains articles, fact sheets, tools, links, and other resources related to farmland access and tenure (farm prospecting, farmland purchase and leasing [including alternative tenure options], land stewardship and land use regulations), as well as how to finance a farm purchase.
Resource Guide for Vermont’s New and Aspiring Farmers
Created By: Vermont New Farmers Network
Description: This resource describes the various challenges new farmers face, including gaining access to land and access to capital. It also provides a list of organizations that new farmers could contact for further support and additional information.

Land Acquisition

A Legal Guide to the Business of Farming in Vermont
Created By: Debra Heleba, Northeast Sustainable Agricultural Research and Education, and the USDA Risk Management Agency
Description: This guide consists of nine chapters, addressing: the legal structure of the farm business, farm transfer and estate planning, farmland tenure and leasing and regulation of agriculture and land use, including farm labor, organic agriculture, and on-farm food processing and marketing.
Farm Rental Assessment Checklist
Created By: The Intervale Center and UVM Center for Sustainable Agriculture
Description: This page contains a checklist of various items to consider when examining farmland property before signing a lease. Some items listed for consideration include how to access the property, whether the property contains any easements, what is available in terms of equipment storage, whether housing is available on site, which party will be responsible for maintenance and improvements, sun and wind exposure, livestock housing, water access, soil quality and property borders.
Guide to Accessing Land
Created By: Agrarian Trust
Description: This page contains a list of resources designed to assist new farmers in accessing land, link retiring land owners with new farmers, and provide information about leasing land, including several sample lease agreements.
How to Determine the Right Farm Rental Rate
Created By: UVM Center for Sustainable Agriculture
Description: This resource is intended to guide owners and tenants through the process of determining a fair cash rental rate for farmland, equipment, and infrastructure in Vermont. The guide consists of five chapters and includes: Assessing Market Rental Rates, Assessing Landowner’s Costs of Owning Land, How To Value Equipment and Infrastructure in a Lease, How To Factor in the Farm Business’ Net Returns and How to Assess the Farmer’s Contributions to the Lease Arrangement.
Land Access and Tenure Toolshed
Created By: Vermont New Farmer Project
Description: This page of the New Farmer Project website contains articles, fact sheets, tools, links, and other resources related to farmland access and tenure (farm prospecting, farmland purchase and leasing [including alternative tenure options], land stewardship and land use regulations), as well as how to finance a farm purchase.
Resource Guide for Vermont’s New and Aspiring Farmers
Created By: Vermont New Farmers Network
Description: This resource describes the various challenges new farmers face, including gaining access to land and access to capital. It also provides a list of organizations that new farmers could contact for further support and additional information.
Vermont Land Link
Created By: Intervale Center, Land For Good, Rutland Area Farm and Food Link, University of Vermont Extension Center for Sustainable Agriculture, and Vermont Land Trust
Description: This resource was designed to help those seeking farmland in Vermont connect with those seeking to sell farmland in Vermont by allowing users to search for farmable property within the state. The resources page contains links to organizations that can provide additional information regarding business planning, land tenure acquisition, facilitating land arrangements and agreements and land succession and transfer.

State Statutes

A Legal Guide to the Business of Farming in Vermont
Created By: Debra Heleba, Northeast Sustainable Agricultural Research and Education, and the USDA Risk Management Agency
Description: This guide consists of nine chapters, addressing: the legal structure of the farm business, farm transfer and estate planning, farmland tenure and leasing and regulation of agriculture and land use, including farm labor, organic agriculture, and on-farm food processing and marketing.
Vermont State Statutes
Created By: the Vermont State Legislature
Description: This page contains an electronic version of the state statutes of Vermont. Users can search through the code with search terms or by title. Farmers will likely be interested in Title 6 (Agriculture), Title 10 (Conservation and Development) and Title 11 (Corporations, Partnerships, and Associations).
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Disclaimer
The Center for Food and Agriculture Systems is an initiative of Vermont Law School. The content provided on this site is for general educational purposes only and should not be relied upon as legal advice. If users have questions regarding the topics discussed herein, they should consult an attorney. This webpage should not be construed as creating an attorney-client relationship. The information provided on or by this webpage is not – and is not intended to be – a substitute for their potential need to consult with a competent attorney licensed to practice law in the appropriate jurisdiction. We disclaim any responsibility for any particular matter that affects a user’s specific situation. While efforts will be made to maintain and update the resources contained on the webpage, no warranty or other guarantee is made with respect to the timeliness or accuracy of any information provided on or by the webpage.